It is a genetic condition in which a boy is born with an extra copy of the X chromosome. This syndrome generally affects males and remains undiagnosed until adulthood.
Klinefelter syndrome affects the testicular growth in males that can lead to lower production of testosterone. It can also cause a reduction in muscle mass, reduction in body and facial hair, and enlargement of breast tissue. The symptoms of Klinefelter syndrome vary from one person to another.
Males having XXY syndrome produce very little or no sperm at all.
Symptoms of Klinefelter Syndrome
Many males experiencing this syndrome show mild or no signs. In such cases, it may remain undiagnosed until adulthood or may even remain undiagnosed for a lifetime.
Some visible symptoms seen in men are as follows:
- Low sperm count or no sperm
- Small testicles and penis
- Low sex drive
- Taller than average height
- Weak bones
- Decreased facial and body hair
- Enlarged breast tissue
- Increased fat belly
- Less muscular strength compared to other men
Klinefelter syndrome has some noticeable changes seen in men’s growth and appearance.
Causes of Klinefelter Syndrome
This condition is not inherited. It is found when the male is born with an extra X chromosome. Each human being has 46 chromosomes, out of which there are two sex chromosomes. In females, there is two XX sex chromosome, and in males, there is one X and one Y sex chromosome.
Some causes of the congenital condition are as follows:
- One extra copy of the X chromosome is in each cell.
- One extra copy of the X chromosome in some cells, which is Mosaic Klinefelter syndrome
- More than one extra copy of the X chromosome. It is a very rare case and can form severe issues.
These extra copies of X chromosomes might create a hindrance in sexual development and fertility in males.
Treatment of the Symptoms of Klinefelter Syndrome
Klinefelter syndrome is a problem that cannot be avoided. The only way it can be treated is by treating the symptoms of Klinefelter syndrome. Early treatment of the symptoms is always best.
Some ways by which the symptoms of XXY syndrome can be treated are as follows:
1. Testosterone Replacement Therapy
Men who have Klinefelter syndrome have low testosterone levels in their body, which leads to multiple problems like low facial and body hair growth, the smaller size of the penis, weaker body muscles, and bones, and smaller testicles.
With testosterone replacement therapy, which is done from puberty, many of these symptoms can be under control. The therapy helps in increasing penis size, developing a deeper voice, and other things. But it will not increase the size of testicles, nor will it treat infertility.
2. Fertility Treatment
Men with Klinefelter syndrome have very less or no sperm count at all, leaving them infertile. Men who have some sperms in their semen, with intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI] their partners can be impregnated.
3. Breast Tissue Removal
Men suffering from Klinefelter syndrome have enlarged breast tissues. This enlargement of breast tissue can lead to low self-confidence and poor self-image. Through plastic surgery, the excess breast tissue can be removed, making the chest area look normal.
4. Educational Support
Men who have Klinefelter syndrome have severe issues in socializing with people. With the help of proper support and guidance of the schools, such problems can be overcome. The teachers can encourage group activities that will help students with this congenital condition socialize with others.
5. Counselling and Guidance
Dealing with this condition and coping with the symptoms of this condition can adversely affect a person’s mental health. This mental illness can lead to psychological depression, anxiety, and typical mood swings. Through proper counseling and guidance, a person can overcome these problems easily.
Klinefelter syndrome may increase the risk of the following:
- Anxiety and depression
- Heart and blood vessel disease
- social, emotional, and behavioral problems
- Lung disease
- Autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis
- Tooth and other oral problems
- Infertility and other sexual function problems
- Weak bones
- Metabolic syndrome
- Autism spectrum disorder
A maximum number of complications related to Klinefelter syndrome is because of low testosterone count.
The Bottom Line
The presence of an extra copy of the X chromosome in the male body and coping with this congenital condition can be mentally challenging for the man dealing with it. The drooping self-confidence and self-image can adversely affect one’s mind. It can be cured and dealt with thanks to some proper guidance.
Klinefelter syndrome may show some noticeable changes in the physical appearance of the male body. Since it cannot be avoided, its symptoms can be cured by any methods mentioned above. It will help in properly dealing with this issue.